ERC Stories

  • 16183

    The cognitive art of team sports

    27/07/2016
    The cognitive art of team sports
     27/07/2016

    While on court, beach volleyball players need to act as a whole in order to prevent the ball from touching the sand: in a fraction of a second - just before the opponent's hand spikes the ball - the passer has to predict and adjust to the attacker's action as well as to their teammate's block position. Thanks to her Consolidator Grant, cognitive science professor Natalie Sebanz is studying the cognitive and psychological mechanisms underlying joint action expertise – in other words, how individuals learn skilled actions, such as those performed by professional athletes, together.

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  • 16104

    Self-learning AI emulates the human brain

    22/07/2016
    Self-learning AI emulates the human brain
     22/07/2016

    European researchers have designed brain-like artificial neural networks capable of numerical and spatial cognition and written language processing without any explicit training or pre-programming. Their work, based on the machine-learning approach of generative models, significantly advances the development of self-learning artificial intelligence, while also deepening understanding of human cognition.

    Research  picture: © Ivilin Stoianov, Marco Zorzi

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  • 16103

    Towards new quality sports broadcast

    22/07/2016
    Towards new quality sports broadcast
     22/07/2016

    Imagine your favourite football team entering a stadium. An army of wireless cameras is following the players to give you the best possible view – of the whole pitch, of the chanting crowd, of each footballer, from the tip of his head to the grass blades he treads with his cleats. Thanks to Prof. Leif Oxenløwe’s research, this kind of wireless ultra-high definition television broadcasting can one day become a reality.

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  • 16089

    Can we prevent cardiovascular diseases in healthy individuals?

    20/07/2016
    Can we prevent cardiovascular diseases in healthy individuals?
     20/07/2016

    Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Europe. Prevention relies on measuring traditional risk factors such as age, gender, hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia and smoking. However, many individuals, apparently at low-risk, still develop CVD. Improving predictions beyond the traditional risk factors is the challenge undertaken by Prof. Olle Melander.

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  • 16018

    Carbon Nanotubes: manufacturing steps to commercialisation

    19/07/2016
    Carbon Nanotubes: manufacturing steps to commercialisation
     19/07/2016

    Stronger than steel, conducting electricity better than copper and heat better than diamonds: these are some of the promises held by carbon nanomaterials. Although not as well-known as graphene, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) show these properties – offering also a great advantage: they can be produced in larger quantities. Prof. Michael De Volder now explores new ways to manufacture CNTs-based devices with optimal features, potentially opening the way to their broader commercial use.
    Researcher picture © Michael De Volder
    Caption: Strain engineered Carbon nanotube clover field

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  • 16016

    Consciousness: is this what separates us from machines?

    18/07/2016
    Consciousness: is this what separates us from machines?
     18/07/2016

    While computers can calculate or recognise faces, they are not aware of themselves (yet?). Consciousness is in the essence of human beings; its nature, however, appears to lack a reliable explanation. Prof. Axel Cleeremans is developing a new theory, the Radical Plasticity Thesis, maintaining that consciousness is a long-lasting property of our brain rather than just a static feature. In order to test it, he is taking a multidisciplinary approach including psychological studies and advanced brain imaging.

    Image: ULB — CRCN   Portrait: © F.R.S.-FNRS — Jean-Michel BYL

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  • 16012

    New weapons in the fight against antibiotic resistance

    17/07/2016
    New weapons in the fight against antibiotic resistance
     17/07/2016

    Antibiotics are amongst the most crucial discoveries in modern medicine. However, the surge in microbial resistance to these, now common, drugs is a challenge that medical researchers work hard to tackle. Prof. Susanne Häußler from the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research believes early diagnostic tools could shift the paradigm of how we battle this problem.

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  • 16011

    Playing dirty against allergies and asthma

    16/07/2016
    Playing dirty against allergies and asthma
     16/07/2016

    Parents may threat at the idea of their children playing in fields and sheds, but research shows that those who grew up in farms, where this is common occurrence, are less likely to suffer from allergies and asthma. Prof. Erika von Mutius leads a team of researchers, that uses this knowledge to investigate how we could treat such conditions more effectively.

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  • 16009

    Minerals reveal the flow patterns inside the Earth

    15/07/2016
    Minerals reveal the flow patterns inside the Earth
     15/07/2016

    The Earth is made of layers, just like a big onion, composed of different materials. However, the compounds forming these layers are not static, flowing from one stratum to another, following patterns still not entirely understood. Prof. Patrick Cordier tries to model the real conditions minerals are subjected to beneath the Earth’s crust. His aim is to understand the forces driving tectonic plates so we can better comprehend phenomena like earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.

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  • 15999

    A personalised cure for head-and-neck cancer patients

    14/07/2016
    A personalised cure for head-and-neck cancer patients
     14/07/2016

    Thousands of new cases of head-and-neck cancer - which includes cancer of the larynx, throat, mouth, nose and salivary glands - are diagnosed every year in Europe. Despite improvements in diagnostic and therapeutic tools, these malignant tumours still show high resistance to current treatments. Dr Daniela Thorwarth is working on tailored therapies for individual patients.

    Image: Friedhelm Albrecht@University of Tübingen

    Portrait: University of Tübingen

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