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ERC project's team gets back to Libya after Gaddafi's fall. Satellite imagery has uncovered new evidence of a lost civilisation of the Sahara in Libya’s south-western desert wastes that will help re-write the history of the country.
The DOFOCO project aims to better understand how forests can help lessen the effects of global warming, by bringing together advanced models and data from the life and earth sciences. Such research takes an additional dimension this year, in the context of the United Nations International Year of Forests 2011.
The answer to why some people age earlier than others, or why they develop cancer, could lie at the very end sections of our DNA: the telomeres.
It presents analyses made on samples of the sun, which were collected in 2004 by the NASA mission Genesis. The results show that nitrogen molecules originating from the sun are very different from the nitrogen found on the Earth, Mars and on meteorites; they contain far less 15N "heavy" isotopes. Understanding why molecules from planets of the inner solar system are so enriched in heavy isotopes in comparison with molecules from the sun's photosphere, whose composition represents the bulk of the solar system, may be one of the challenges of future studies in cosmo-chemistry.
Some striking projects run by women grantees
Forget USA, Japan; the field of transparent electronics has put Portugal well and truly on the map thanks to Professor Elvira Fortunato and one of the largest grants awarded to a Portuguese scientist. The European Research Council grant contributed to the installation of the recently opened NOVA Nano-Fabrication Laboratory, of which Prof Fortunato is the Director.