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Europe is striving to be the first climate-neutral continent. The EU's climate, energy, transport and taxation policies aim at reducing net greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% by 2030, compared to 1990 levels.
While ERC projects are selected for funding without thematic or political priorities, the research undertaken by many ERC grantees generates knowledge and proposes concrete solutions in support the European Green Deal.
- 953 projects contribute to policy areas of the European Green Deal for a total of € 2 billion
- 1018 researchers and their teams are located in 26 EU member states and Associated countries
- 29% of these projects contribute to two or more policy areas of the European Green Deal, such as climate change mitigation, biodiversity protection and clean energy
The analysis focused on five European policies represented below by green circles. The circles size is proportional to the number of ERC projects funded that are relevant to these policies. The strength of the connection between policy areas is represented by the thickness of the arc, which is proportional to the number of shared scientific fields.
The main methodological developments provided by ERC projects are in the field of computational modelling, for example to simulate sea level changes and CO2 fluxes. Other prominent developments are experimental methods with a focus on ecosystem model, CO2 conversion as well as in micro-nano-engineering with a focus on solar cell efficiency and energy materials.
A selection of relevant research
Anna Davies’ SHARECITY team explored urban food sharing initiatives, the challenges they face and how they can be made more effective to become a real transformative mechanism for sustainable cities. Read more. Project website.
Fernando Maestre, from the “Dryland Ecology and Global Change Lab” coordinated the first global field survey focussing on how aridity and grazing pressure changes affect dryland ecosystems. BIODESERT project.
Synergy grant urbisphere explores how urbanization, human behaviour and technology changes in cities will impact climate change and how the latter will influence urban populations, their vulnerability and their adaptive capacity.-
Bettina Lotsch’s team focussed on new photocatalytic systems that efficiently harvest and convert light into chemical energy such as hydrogen, opening the new research field ‘soft photocatalysis’. More on the COFLeaf project.
With the 2D4D project, Elena Verdolini timely brings together two important topics: decarbonisation and disruptive digitalisation with the ultimate goal of ensuring that the digital revolution becomes a decarbonisation enabler and not a barrier. Project website.